Heat rash is also known as miliaria or prickly heat. There’s a few different kinds and the rash can range from mild small pimples to deep red lumps. Its generally a pink or red rash which can be made up of dots, spots or pimples – most often these affect the head neck and shoulders. Heat rash occurs when your baby’s sweat glands become blocked and become swollen, itchy and generally uncomfortable! It often occurs under clothes where the heat is worst and the material rubs off it causing further irritation and friction. Continue reading
This is a question that crops up time and time again – especially now since new guidance has been given with the introduction of the MenB Vaccine to the primary immunisation schedule. I’d like to clear it up to help parents understand when you should or should not give your baby calpol or nurofen as a preventative strategy before vaccinations.
- Ibuprofen (Nurofen) should not be given to prevent pain or fever before any vaccination on the childhood schedule.
- Paracetamol (Calpol or Paralink) should only be given as a preventative measure at the time of the MenB vaccines only. This recommendation applies only to the vaccines given at two and four months of age.
- Paracetamol is recommended before the two and four month vaccines only as a result of the introduction of the MenB vaccine which may put your child at a higher risk of fever when given with the other vaccines.
- At your child’s two or four month vaccines three doses of paracetamol should be given – the first dose of 2.5mls infant paracetamol (60mg) should be given at the time of vaccination or just after. The second dose should be given 4-6 hours later and then the third dose should be given 4-6 hours after the second.
- Paracetamol (calpol) does not need to be given routinely at the 12 month vaccines as your baby is less susceptible to the side effects of the MenB vaccination.
So basically other than before the two and four month vaccines you should not routinely try to prevent side effects of vaccines by giving medication.
However, it is important to stress that if your child is over six months of age and develops a fever over 39 degrees celcius or pain, swelling, headache or irritability after receiving a vaccine you can then use either paracetamol (calpol or paralink) or ibuprofen (nurofen) to treat their symptoms.
On a personal note I would recommend breastfeeding or if not bottle feeding your baby during or just after their vaccinations – and LOTS AND LOTS of cuddles and hugs…they are shocked and horrified by whats going on and a little love and reassurance is sometimes the best medicine!
I hope you have found this article helpful and if you have any questions at all please don’t hesitate to contact me by sending a private message to the WonderBaba facebook page (www.facebook.com/wonderbabacare) or by calling me (Sheena) at Milltown totalhealth Pharmacy in Dublin 6 on 012600262. I’m always happy to help!
PSI Guidance 2017
Here is a little guide with everything you need to know about antihistamines!
Antihistamines are medicines that treat allergic conditions. They work by relieving symptoms rather than curing conditions. They treat symptoms like itching, rash, hives, hay fever, runny eyes or nose due to allergy, irritation from bites or stings or even food allergies.
An oral antihistamine solution may be used if your child is over two years of age. Continue reading
There is nothing worse than trying to explain to a child that they can’t go swimming or mess too much in the bath because they are not allowed to get water in their ears due to grommets or ear perforation due to a bad infection. In addition to that consider the nightmare which exists when trying to bathe a child who hates to have water in their ears! From both a parents and child perspective ensuring no water enters the ear canal is nothing short of a disaster!
From my experience there are two main situations which arise! One where a child is not allowed to get water in their ears for medical reasons such as infection or grommets and another where a healthy child hates the feeling of water in their ears and suggesting a bath makes you enemy number one!! In essence it involves a parent trying to explain or battle (let’s be honest here!) with a child who either wants to splash and dunk their head under the water or else coaxing and convincing a child that hates the bath that water in their ears is ok and there is no need to be afraid! Well I don’t know about your WonderBaba’s but mine certainly seem to follow my logical arguments!!
I recently came across a genius little product which solves the problems associated with both of these ‘water’ issues! May I introduce… Ear Band-Its! Continue reading
***Update*** 5/4/17 – New Information in BLUE!
I Spoke to the manufacturers of the product today who said a ‘reformulated’ Dentinox shampoo will be available at the end of October 2017. They could not confirm the date and had no further information about what the difference in formulation would be but hopefully we will have more information soon! I’m glad its coming back as it is a great product so I just hope the reformulation does not effect its efficacy!
In the meanwhile this cradle cap brush is brilliant to help gently work away patches of cradle cap! http://www.milltownpharmacy.ie/p/pourty_cradle_cap_massage_brush
I use it with the gorgeous smelling Uriage 1Er Shampoo – http://www.milltownpharmacy.ie/p/uriage_1er_shampoo_200ml
Have you been left frustrated by the current shortage of Dentinox cradle cap shampoo? I have, for personal reasons as well as professional!
I have spoken to the manufacturer of the product DDD Ltd in the UK who have assured me that it has not been discontinued – the problem relates to a production delay. They have told me that it will be available for us to buy again but so far have not been able to offer any estimation of a date. They have taken my details and will update me as soon as they have a date and I promise to update you all at that point too!
In the meanwhile I would just like to say that there is no need to be stuck – there is an excellent alternative for this product available which is known as Capasal Therapeutic Shampoo. It is suitable for use on cradle cap on children and is safe to use regularly.
We have this available online for all of you fellow frustrated mums so if you need it just CLICK HERE
Dentinox and Capasal are excellent at treating persistent cradle cap but there is some more gentle options also available as described in my full cradle cap blog – CLICK HERE
I hope this helps to clarify the current situation but if you have any questions don’t hesitate to contact me in Milltown totalhealth Pharmacy on 01-2600262 (Sheena) or by messaging me on the WonderBaba facebook page!
Oral thrush is a term used to describe a fungal infection in the mouth caused by the yeast fungus Candida albicans. This fungus is actually present in everyone’s mouth and it doesn’t normally cause problems but if it gets the better of your immune system it can overgrow and cause symptomatic infection. Babies are more at risk of this than adults because their immune systems are not as strong or developed and are therefore more susceptible to infection. Another cause of oral thrush is antibiotic use by either your baby or yourself (if you are breastfeeding). Continue reading
Slapped cheek is a viral illness which is also known as fifth disease or erythema infectiosum and is caused by a virus known as parvovirus B19. It has many of the same sort of symptoms of the flu as other viral illnesses which I’ll describe more here but also a characteristic rash on the cheeks which leaves them looking as if they have been slapped, and also a faint recurring red rash on the body is possible. Continue reading
Around 1 in 5 of Irish children are affected by asthma with boys being more likely to suffer than girls. Happily the odds get a bit better with age but still approximately 1 in 10 adults are asthma patients (470,000 people!) in Ireland.
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is often not diagnosed and unfortunately uncontrolled which can lead to ill health in children. The early detection and treatment of asthma in kids is essential to reduce illness and complications and to increase the quality of life of those affected and their families. Illness from asthma can be mild and cause moderate inconvenience such as missed days from school, however it can also present in a more severe form which can be serious and potentially life threatening. Modern medicine makes asthma an extremely well controlled condition in those with appropriate action plans and I can’t stress enough how important it is to work with your child’s doctor to ensure you are keeping their condition as well controlled as possible – this proactive attitude will help your child to lead a ‘normal’ life and reduce the number of doctor and hospital visits necessary. Continue reading
Chicken Pox is an infection which is caused by the Varicella Zoster virus. It is responsible for a horrible rash which normally starts as small red spots which then turn into fluid filled blisters after about 12-14 hours. These blisters can be extremely itchy and your child may be very out of sorts when they start to appear (i have horrible memories of trying to comfort them whilst they wriggled with pain in their sleep at night!). The blisters remain like this for a day or two before becoming cloudy and drying up. They most commonly appear on the chest, back, and face but also affect the arms and legs. Unfortunately they can also appear inside the ears, mouth and on the nappy area. It’s really important to do all that you can to ensure your child is comfortable during this time. It’s also important to minimise the itching and scratching of the blisters to prevent them from becoming infected and scarring.
To read all about the treatments available, without prescription, for chicken pox read my product review here – https://wonderbaba.ie/2015/01/01/verdict-on-chicken-pox-products/
The chicken pox are highly contagious for a couple of days before the blisters first appear and until they have all completely scabbed over – so the blisters are contagious, not the scabs.. The virus can also be passed by coughing and sneezing etc.
Generally the patient feels worst for the couple of days before the blisters appear and until they scab over. At this point it’s really just healing wounds and the illness itself has passed. You may find that some spots are drying out and others are just arriving. This is because chicken pox tend to come in clusters for 3-5 days so the spots can be at different stages of blistering or healing.
Symptoms other than the distinctive rash can be similar to the flu and may include:
- Feeling sick or nauseous.
- A high temperature (read my guide on how to treat them by clicking here!)
- Aches and pains.
- Loss of appetite.
Your child will need to stay off school until they are feeling better and all of their spots have scabbed over. Whilst they are contagious I would also urge you to keep them at home as much as you can so as not to put immunocompromised or pregnant people at risk of catching the virus as it can be more dangerous for them. It is also advisable to keep infected children away from new born babies as much as possible.
If your child has the chicken pox you should contact the doctor by phone to arrange a suitable appointment (let them know your child has chicken pox in advance so that they can ensure you are not coming into contact with vulnerable patients in the waiting room) if you suspect your child’s blisters have become infected. You should also contact your GP:
- If you suspect your newborn baby has the chickenpox
- If you are pregnant and have come into contact with someone who is infected and you have never had them previously.
- If you have a weakened immune system.
Seek emergency help if:
- You suspect your child is dehydrated – read my dehydration blog here!
- If your child has pain in their chest or difficulty breathing.
I hope you find this helpful and if you have any questions at all please don’t hesitate to contact me by sending a private message to the WonderBaba facebook page (www.facebook.com/wonderbabacare) or by calling me (Sheena) at Milltown totalhealth Pharmacy in Dublin 6 on 012600262. I’m always happy to help!
Measles is a contagious viral illness which is most common among children age one to four years of age. The MMR vaccine is the most effective way to protect your child against measles and due to its success Ireland has a very low level of measles cases. However in recent years controversy surrounding the vaccine which included an association with autism has resulted in some parents choosing not to vaccinate their children. The World Health Organisation state that ‘no evidence exists of a causal association between MMR vaccine and autism or autistic disorders’. In addition the HSE website shows a quote from Autism Speaks (2015), the world’s leading autism science and advocacy organisation has stated, “Over the last two decades, extensive research has asked whether there is any link between childhood vaccinations and autism. The results of this research are clear: Vaccines do not cause autism. We urge that all children be fully vaccinated”
The inaccurate link between autism and the MMR first came about in the late 1990’s and the children who were not vaccinated then would now be approximately 18 years of age….it seems no surprise to me that the current outbreak of measles in Ireland is affecting the 15-19 year age group mostly. The majority of the recent cases of measles were in patients who had not been vaccinated with the MMR.
The MMR vaccine should be given when your child is 12 months of age as a part of the childhood vaccination schedule and then a second dose is given when they are 4-5 years of age. To read my blog all about the childhood vaccination schedule just click here!
Once you have had the vaccine or the virus it is very rare for you to get the infection as your body will then be immune and resistant to the virus.
What are the symptoms of the Measles?
- Cold like symptoms including runny nose, sneezing, dry cough and sore eyes.
- A mild to severe temperature which may last for several days.
- Small white/grey spots in the mouth and throat.
- Lack of energy and fatigue.
- Lack of appetite.
- A red-brown spotty rash which appears two to four days after the initial symptoms occur. The rash can last for up to eight days and usually starts at the top of the head and works its way down the body.
It can be hard to differentiate measles rash from some other childhood rashes but the measles rash often starts as small spots which quickly get bigger and then join together. Measles is not just defined by its rash but also by the symptoms that accompany it so if your child has a rash which sounds like this you should phone your GP to discuss it and arrange to visit at a time that other vulnerable patients will not be in the waiting room.
How is the measles virus spread?
The measles virus is spread by coughing and sneezing as it is present in the tiny water particles which are expelled by an infected person. If an infected person coughs or sneezes in close proximity to you, or you touch something which they have coughed or sneezed on, you may ingest the virus and thus become infected. The measles virus can survive on surfaces for a couple of hours. Symptoms of the measles start to appear about ten days after you have caught the infection. You are contagious and can spread the virus from two to four days before the rash appears to about five days after.
How do I treat the measles?
The treatment of the measles simply involves the treatment of the symptoms. The virus itself is self-limiting and will normally clear by itself within a couple of weeks. To read my blog on managing a high temperature click here!
- Paracetamol (calpol) or ibuprofen (nurofen) can be given in the case of a high temperature, aches or pains.
- Soothe irritated eyes by cleansing with gauze dipped in boiled cooled water. Use one piece of gauze as a single wipe from the inside of the eye outwards and then dispose of it.
- To learn more about the treatment of coughs and what cough bottle can be used click here!
- Ensure your child stays hydrated. Tips on how to spot dehydration and how to prevent it can be found by clicking here!
When to contact the doctor?
- If measles is suspected phone your GP.
- If you cannot alleviate the symptoms of measles using over the counter remedies.
- If complications occur such as croup, bronchitis, a squint of the eye, ear ache, febrile convulsions, symptoms of meningitis, drowsiness, severe headache and vomiting.
I hope you have found this article helpful and if you have any questions at all please don’t hesitate to contact me by sending a private message to the WonderBaba facebook page (www.facebook.com/wonderbabacare) or by calling me (Sheena) at Milltown totalhealth Pharmacy in Dublin 6 on 012600262. I’m always happy to help